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What is the relationship between cost accounting financial accounting and managerial accounting?

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posted Jun 19 by Abu Anam

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Dear Friend,
as far as your query is concerned that What is the relationship between cost accounting financial accounting and managerial accounting?

Let me informed that the relationship between cost accounting financial accounting and managerial accounting
Financial
Accounting is “the art of recording, classifying and summarizing in a significant manner in terms of money transactions and events which are in part at least of a financial character, and interpreting the results thereof”. Accounting is the language
effectively employed to communicate the financial information of a business unit of various parities interested in its progress.

The object of financial accounting is to find out the profitability and to provide information about the financial position of the concern. Two important statements of financial accounting are Income and Expenditure Statement and Balance Sheet.
All revenue transactions relating to a particular period are recorded in this statement to decide the profitability of the concern. The balance sheet is prepared at a particular date to determine the financial position of the concern.

Cost Accounting
Cost accounting is one of the important elements of accounting information about the problems of internal managerial control. Financial accounts are unable to meet information needs about the cost structure of a product. The need for cost determination and controls necessitated new set of principles of accounting and thus emerged ‘Cost accounting’ as a specialized branch of accounting. Cost accounting is the process of accounting for costs. It includes the accounting procedures relating to recording of all income and expenditure and preparation of periodical statements and report with the object of ascertaining and controlling costs. Such cost accounting is a good technique for ascertaining profitability and for decision making

Management Accounting
Cost accounting helps the internal management by directing their attention on inefficient operations and assisting in a day-to-day control of business activities. The costing data needs to be arranged, re-analysed and processed further for effective role in managerial process. In addition to costing and accounting data, managerial functions need the use of socio-economic and statistical data (e.g., population break-ups, income structure, etc.). Cost and financial accounting do not provide such
information and this limitation pave the way for the emergence of management accounting. Management accounting is a systematic approach to planning and control functions of management. It generates information for establishing plans and controls. It provides for a system of setting standards, plans, or targets and reporting variances between planned and actual performances for corrective actions. Thus, Management accounting consists of cost accounting, budgetory control, inventory control, statistical methods, internal auditing and reporting. It also covers financial accounting.

Management accounting is the process of identification, measurement, accumulation, analysis, preparation, interpretation and accumulation of financial information used by management to plan, evaluate, and control within an organisation and to assure
appropriate use of and accountability for its resources.

answer Jun 20 by Pratiksha Shetty
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